Islam and largest monotheism religions in the world: Unveiling the truth and difference between Islam and other religions and beliefs.

What is Monotheism?

Monotheism is the belief in the existence of a single supreme deity or God. It holds that there is only one God who is all-powerful, all-knowing, and the creator of the universe. Monotheistic religions reject the idea of multiple gods or polytheism. In Islam, monotheism is a fundamental concept known as “Tawhid,” which is emphasized throughout the Quran and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad.

monotheism Religions

Monotheism in Quran:

The Quran contains numerous verses that affirm the oneness of Allah and warn against associating partners with Him. For example, in Surah Al-Ikhlas (Chapter 112), it states: “Say, ‘He is Allah, the One, Allah, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, nor is there to Him any equivalent.'” (Quran 112:1-4) This verse emphasizes the uniqueness and absolute oneness of Allah, rejecting any notion of partners or equals.

Additionally, the Prophet Muhammad emphasized the importance of monotheism in his teachings. In a hadith, he said: “The best words are: La ilaha illallah لا إله إلا الله(There is no god but Allah).” This statement affirms the belief in the oneness of Allah as the central tenet of Islam.

While Islam places a strong emphasis on monotheism, it differs in certain beliefs from other religions that also adhere to monotheistic principles. Here are some other religions based on monotheism but with differences from Islam:

What is polytheism?

Polytheism is a religious belief system that recognizes and worships multiple deities or gods. In polytheistic religions, there is a belief in the existence of many gods, each with its own distinct powers, attributes, and roles. These gods are often associated with specific aspects of nature, such as the sun, moon, earth, water, or other natural forces.

Polytheistic belief systems can be found in various cultures throughout history, including ancient Greek and Roman religions, Norse mythology, Hinduism, Shintoism, and some African and Native American traditional religions. Each of these polytheistic traditions may have a different pantheon of gods, with certain deities holding greater importance or prominence.

In polytheism, followers may worship and offer prayers, rituals, and sacrifices to different gods based on their specific needs or desires. It is not uncommon for individuals to have a preferred deity or personal connection with a particular god, while still acknowledging the existence and significance of other deities within the pantheon.

It’s important to note that polytheism differs from monotheism, which is the belief in a single, all-powerful deity, and from atheism, which is the absence of belief in any deities.

Other Monotheism Religions Compared to Islam:


Christianity is a monotheistic religion that believes in the Trinity, which states that God is one being existing in three distinct persons: the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit. Islam rejects the concept of the Trinity and considers it a form of polytheism.


Judaism is one of the oldest monotheistic religions and forms the foundation for the Abrahamic faiths. It emphasizes the covenant between God and the Jewish people. While Islam shares the belief in monotheism with Judaism, there are differences in theological interpretations and practices.


Sikhism is a monotheistic religion that emerged in South Asia in the 15th century. It believes in the oneness of God, referred to as Ik Onkar. Sikhism incorporates elements from both Islam and Hinduism but has distinct beliefs and practices.

Bahá’í Faith:

The Bahá’í Faith is a relatively newer monotheistic religion that originated in the 19th century. It emphasizes the unity of all religions and the belief in the oneness of God. While sharing a belief in monotheism, the Bahá’í Faith differs in its teachings about the succession of prophets and the unity of religions.

These are just a few examples of monotheistic religions with differences in beliefs and practices compared to Islam. It is important to recognize that while monotheism is a common thread among these religions, the specific understandings and interpretations of monotheism may vary, resulting in distinct theological systems and religious practices.

Other religious beliefs and philosophical perspectives

Besides polytheism and monotheism, there are several other religious beliefs and philosophical perspectives that exist worldwide. Here are a few examples:

  1. Pantheism: Pantheism is the belief that the divine or sacred is present in everything in the universe, equating the universe itself with God or the divine. It sees the entire cosmos as a manifestation of the divine, and therefore, everything is considered sacred. This belief emphasizes the interconnectedness and unity of all things.
  2. Panentheism: Panentheism is similar to pantheism in that it acknowledges the divine presence in all things. However, it also suggests that the divine extends beyond the universe. In panentheism, God is seen as both immanent (present within the universe) and transcendent (existing beyond the universe).
  3. Animism: Animism is a belief system that attributes spiritual or supernatural qualities to non-human entities, such as animals, plants, natural phenomena, and inanimate objects. Animistic beliefs often involve the worship or reverence of these entities, considering them to have souls or spirits.
  4. Atheism: Atheism is the absence of belief in any deities or gods. Atheists do not subscribe to the existence of a divine being or higher power. Atheism can be characterized by a rejection of religious claims based on the lack of empirical evidence or philosophical arguments.
  5. Agnosticism: Agnosticism is the view that the existence or non-existence of deities is unknown or unknowable. Agnostics claim that it is impossible to prove or disprove the existence of a higher power, and thus they suspend judgment on the matter.
  6. Deism: Deism is a belief system that asserts the existence of a supreme being or creator who set the universe in motion but does not actively intervene in human affairs. Deists often view God as a distant and non-personal entity, and they rely on reason and natural observation rather than religious revelation.

These are just a few examples of the diverse range of beliefs that exist beyond polytheism and monotheism. It’s important to recognize that there are numerous religious, spiritual, and philosophical perspectives worldwide, each with its own unique characteristics and interpretations of the nature of the divine and the universe.


In conclusion, polytheism is a religious belief system that recognizes and worships multiple deities, while monotheism is the belief in a single, all-powerful deity. Polytheistic religions have pantheons with multiple gods, each with distinct attributes and roles, while monotheistic religions emphasize the existence of one supreme God.

Beyond polytheism and monotheism, there are various other belief systems, such as pantheism, panentheism, animism, atheism, agnosticism, and deism. These beliefs offer alternative perspectives on the nature of the divine, the universe, and the relationship between humans and the divine.

It’s important to respect and understand the diversity of religious and philosophical beliefs that exist, as they contribute to the richness of human culture and worldview.

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